An Introduction to BAMS Philosophies and Methods

BAMS Philosophies and Methods


Ayurveda is one of the oldest medical philosophies in the world, originating in India more than 5000 years ago. It is based on the principle of balance between the body, mind, and spirit, and uses natural remedies, diet, lifestyle, and yoga to prevent and treat diseases.

In today’s post-covid, pre-financial crash era, people seem to have realized that modern medicine is not the final answer and that many illnesses can be mitigated by wellness systems like Ayurveda. It is for this reason that our government, through the AYUSH Ministry, has launched BAMS – a degree that trains students in the ancient system of holistic healing known as Ayurveda.

In this blog post, we will explore some of the philosophies and methods that are taught in a typical BAMS course, and how they can benefit your health and well-being. Read on to find out more about this course in Ayurvedic medicine.

All About BAMS

A BAMS program is typically a five-and-a-half-year program that consists of four-and-a-half years of academic study and one year of compulsory internship in a BAMS course duration. The curriculum of this course covers both Ayurvedic and modern medical subjects, such as anatomy, physiology, pathology, pharmacology, surgery, obstetrics, and gynecology, as well as Sanskrit, history of Ayurveda, principles of Ayurveda, diagnostics, therapeutics, and preventive medicine.

The aim of a BAMS program is to produce competent and qualified Ayurvedic practitioners who can integrate the best of both systems and provide holistic care to patients. BAMS graduates can work as doctors, teachers, researchers, or consultants in various fields related to health and wellness.

To get more insight into BAMS course details, take a look at the table below.

Name Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS)
Level Undergraduate
Duration 5 years 6 months
Examination Type Annual/Professional system
Eligibility Passed 10+2 with a minimum aggregate of 50%-60% and PCB as compulsory subjects
Admission Process Entrance Exam based
BAMS Course Fees INR 20,000 to INR 2,00,000
Average Salary INR 2,00,000-15,00,000
Top Recruiters Hospitals, Clinics, Life science industries, Pharmaceutical industries, Dispensaries, Colleges, etc.
Also Read:Know all about the BAMS course - Admission details, Syllabus, and Career Options

Underlying Principles In Ayurveda and BAMS

One of the fundamental concepts in Ayurveda and the BAMS program at Mansarovar Ayurvedic Medical College Bhopal is that every individual has a unique constitution or Prakriti. This is determined by the combination of three bio-energies or doshas: vata (air and space), pitta (fire and water), and kapha (earth and water). These doshas govern all the physical, mental, and emotional aspects of a person, and their balance or imbalance determines the state of health or disease.

Another key concept is that everything in nature is composed of five elements or Panchamahabhutas:

  • Akasha (space)
  • Vayu (air)
  • Agni (fire)
  • Jala (water), and
  • Prithvi (earth)

These elements are present in different proportions in different substances, organs, and tissues, and influence their functions and interactions.

Ayurveda and BAMS also recognize that health is not just the absence of disease, but a state of harmony between the individual and the environment. Therefore, factors such as diet, lifestyle, seasons, climate, emotions, and relationships also play a vital role in maintaining or disturbing the balance of doshas and elements.

Ayurvedic Methods Taught in BAMS

BAMS courses teach various methods of diagnosis and treatment based on Ayurvedic principles. Some of these methods are:

  • Nadi Pariksha: This is a pulse diagnosis technique that involves feeling the pulse at different points on the wrist to assess the condition of the doshas and organs.
  • Prakriti Pariksha: This is a constitution analysis technique that involves observing the physical features, behavior, preferences, and tendencies of a person to determine their prakriti or dominant dosha.
  • Ashtavidha Pariksha: This is an eight-fold examination technique that involves checking eight aspects of a person: nadi (pulse), mutra (urine), mala (stool), jihva (tongue), shabda (voice), sparsha (touch), druk (vision) and akruti (appearance).
  • Panchakarma: This is a detoxification and rejuvenation therapy that involves five procedures: vamana (emesis), virechana (purgation), basti (enema), nasya (nasal administration), and raktamokshana (bloodletting). These procedures aim to eliminate toxins from the body and restore the balance of doshas.
  • Shodhana: This is a purification therapy that involves cleansing the body channels or srotas through various methods such as snehana (oleation), swedana (sudation), lekhana (scraping), etc.
  • Shamana: This is a palliative therapy that involves alleviating symptoms through medicines, diet, and lifestyle modifications.
  • Rasayana: This is a rejuvenation therapy that involves enhancing immunity, vitality, and longevity through herbal formulations, dietary supplements, etc.
  • Vajikarana: This is an aphrodisiac therapy that involves improving sexual health and performance through medicines, diet, etc

Career Scope with BAMS

Before applying to a BAMS program, one needs to have a clear idea of what their future career might look like. Will they get a return on investment on the considerable BAMS fees structure?

A graduate with a BAMS degree, can practice medicine as a doctor, or employment in various other industries such as pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, f&b manufacturing, nutritional supplements, education, hospital management, wellness tourism, and many more.

A graduate from an ayurvedic college in Bhopal may also study further and either get an MD (Doctor of Medicine) or an MS (Master of Surgery) degree to increase their knowledge and career scope. Ph.D. degrees in Ayurveda are available too for those who want to go into research.

Here are some common jobs that BAMS graduates often end up doing.

Job Profile Average Annual Salary (INR)
Ayurvedic Physician 3.5 lakhs
Medical Officer 5 lakhs
Pharmacist 2.3 lakhs
Sales Representative 3 lakhs
Also Read: The Wide Range of Career Choices an Ayurveda Degree Offers


BAMS is a comprehensive course that teaches students how to apply the ancient wisdom of Ayurveda to modern health challenges. By learning the philosophies and methods that are taught in a BAMS course, students can gain a deeper understanding of themselves and others, as well as how to promote holistic wellness for themselves and their patients.


1. Is BAMS considered a doctor?

Yes. A BAMS graduate is considered a doctor here in India and can use the title of a Doctor.

2. Is Bams better than Mbbs?

Depends on who you ask. For some the lower fees and competition, almost equal salaries and job perks and opportunities make BAMS a better course. For others, the international validity of MMBS overcomes every other virtue of BAMS.\

3. Can we study bams without NEET?

No. The government through the AYUSH Ministry has directed both private and government colleges only to accept admissions to their bams course on the basis of NEET marks.

4. What is the full form of AYUSH?

The full form of AYUSH is Ayurveda, Yoga and Naturopathy, Unani, Siddha, and Homeopathy.